Then lightly sand it, dry, with 400 or 600 grit paper. HomeRight Finish Max Fine Finish HVLP Sprayer, January 2021 Woodworker's Journal Free Plan: Dog Feeding Station. Allow even more time when the relative humidity remains above 80%. Try not to sand too hard or you may go through into the stain, requiring that you re-stain the area. Manufacturer guarantees/warranties for power tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler Guarantee if these items are damaged or defective. The process is called “rubbing out”, and serves the purpose of getting rid of minor imperfections in a surface film finish, such as varnish or lacquer, (sometimes) leveling the finished surface, and establishing a consistent sheen. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. You may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit. Cover Large Areas Fast. Ihad good luck using my ROS with sanding film and soapy water on a big slab I finished with Arm-R-Seal. Polyurethane is the toughest, most flexible, least obtrusive, and most durable clear-coating available. Quick Tip! It is resistant to water, alcohol, household chemicals, scratching, chipping, and wear. Rubbing out the finish of shellac is pretty much the same as rubbing out the last coat of polyurethane. – piojo Apr 25 '17 at 10:45. Here's a demonstration on how to rub out a finish after you've put your last coat of finish on your project. Take it to a high enough grit and you’ll be polishing the surface to a super high gloss. When you apply the finish the flattening compound comes to the surface and interrupts the sheen. A finish that isn’t fully cured won’t rub out well, and the risk of sanding through the finish is much greater. And thanks for all your great videos, I have watched many hours of your material on youtube and your website, Quote; Link to post Share on other sites . And since it dries faster than any other finish, I'd try rubbing it with a brillo pad or scotchbrite (and water or oil as lube) after a few days or a week to get an even dull sheen rather than a strong gloss. Polyurethane Finish Tip#2: Level the Surface of the Polyurethane. We proudly stand behind all of our products. From the second you start rubbing the finish, you start to improve the surface tremendously. Cover the whole surface and rub it accurately. "Rubbing out" is an abrasive process so poly will fight it. ( Log Out /  This compound will make your wood a glass-like finish on to the clear coat. There are cases where you’ll want to sand the surface down until it is perfectly flat, but doing that – and more importantly, knowing when to do that – requires some knowledge of how various types of finishes behave chemically and how to create a surface that will stand up to more aggressive sanding. A polisher for rubbing out furniture finishes should have a variable-speed control for slow-speed work that won't overheat your finish. After rubbing out, the wood does not appear to be plastic coated. The final satin surface appeals to the eye and hand. That process is called rubbing out. there is a reason why it's extremely popular. Master wood finisher Jeff Jewitt prefers the stearate coated variety for this type of rubout. That depends on the look you’re after. There are a couple ways to identify whether or not you've got water based or oil based polyurethane. I keep a can of spray poly handy in … The contact detail associated with Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane is also mentioned to make it easy for a user to contact the furniture seller. home | projects | blog. Pro Tip: Don’t keep working the finish. The abrasive produces extremely fine, uniform "scratches" that go in the direction of the wood grain, helping to hide both brush marks and the "orange peel" texture common to sprayed finishes. No doubt there is a lot of fear generated by the concept of sanding and rubbing a clear finish that’s only six-thousandths of an … It’ll look like it’s full of flaws. This is just abrasive enough to take most nibs off without the risk of rubbing through the finish. These days, after drying and inspecting, we usually don’t have to go back to work over areas that are polished too little. We just guess when the sheen is even and all the effects of dry buffing are gone. Let it be, and it will flatten out. Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. Multiple coats fuse together into one layer, and they cure brittle and hard. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. You … Then use rubbing compounds until the finish is acceptable. The un-touched glossy varnish is broken up by the duller patches leveled by the wet sanding. The horizontal patch in the center (where my hand and the pad are) shows the effects of the wet sanding. It is a beautiful finish guys. How to Install a Wireless Phone Charger in Your Project, Video: Building a Bathroom Vanity With Drawers - Part Two, High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. Polyurethane is the modern product most often used as varnish, or clear finish, on stained and painted wood surfaces. Price: Cdn. Rockler Mixing Mate® Paint Lid, Gallon Size - Stir, Pour, and Store! Rubbing out a finish means working it with a mild abrasive such as pumice or steel wool. To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. 6 / 13. This breaks up the light reflecting off the surface. This type of finish is ideal for a piece that may experience a lot of wear and tear inside your home. Stop sooner at a lower grit and you can achieve the perfect semi-gloss, satin, or matte finish. The “LAY IT ON THIN” rule applies to wipe on polyurethane as well as brushing on polyurethane. What do you use for the buffing compound? Popular Post; Charles Neil 19 Posted February 21, 2014. Finish with 1500-grit paper. Getting a high gloss "rubbed out" finish from an oil base varnish or oil base urethane/polyurethane requires letting each application to "cure". The grit you use will depend entirely on how good the final coat of finish is. If you are going to do that you might as well use a gloss finish. How to Apply Polyurethane, Oil-based Polyurethane Wood Finish; Re-staining Over Previously Stained Woodwork; Restoring Wood Trim Finish Without Stripping; Wood Finishing Paste Wax ; The Hand Rubbed Satin Finish – Part 3. The process is called “rubbing out”, and serves the purpose of getting rid of minor imperfections in a surface film finish, such as varnish or lacquer, (sometimes) leveling the finished surface, and establishing a consistent sheen. Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. How do I actually sand a nib out of polyurethane? Great Write up! It gives him a better feel for how much finish he’s taking off and makes it easier to avoid sanding through the finish. Polyurethane is the modern product most often used as varnish, or clear finish, on stained and painted wood surfaces. This compound will make your wood a glass-like finish on to the clear coat. This rub-out technique has only three steps. You’ll need to use a type of sandpaper that won’t clog with hunks of dried finish. Rubbing a thick finish With a thick finish (6 to 10 or more coats), start with 400- or 600-grit abrasive paper torn into quarters and wrapped around a backing block. Here, the important things are to sand as little as possible, and to be very careful not to sand all the way through the finish - or even through the top coat of finish, if you’ve used a finish that doesn’t completely fuse from coat to coat, such as oil-based varnish or a waterborne finish. He always used the finest wire wool between coats but I have also used the wet and dry sandpaper to good effect. Alternatively, you can continue with finer grits of sandpaper and final rubbing with pumice and rotten stone to reach a high gloss surface (provided the finish you started with didn’t contain flattening agents, as anything labeled “satin” or “semi-gloss” does). The lubricant helps to float away grit and abraded materials and to reduce the size of the scratches made by the wool, allowing for a deeper sheen. Fortunately, there is a way that just about ANY finish can be improved and it happens well after the final coat is applied. The reactive finishes (varnish and polyurethane) and coalescing finishes (water based) are more difficult to rub out. When you sand and rub out the final finish you take off most of the surface which contains the satin. Once the area is clean, now apply the Polyurethane finish on the piece, apply the even coat of the Polyurethane finish it is very important to make the long strokes, for the full coverage overlap the edges, then if there is any excess stain wipe it off and then let it dry. The table shown here is made of figured cherry that has been finished with General Finishes Arm-R-Seal satin polyurethane, applied with a foam brush (see Sources, page 66). A flawless surface is elusive. You'll know the surface is flat when it appear dull, with no shiny spots. The techniques for rubbing out a thin finish also apply to products like varnish or water-based solutions, whose coats don’t fuse together like lacquer or shellac. You can rub out all types of film forming finishes, including shellac, lacquer, oil based varnish and polyurethane, waterbased coatings and catalyzed or conversion coatings. From the second you start rubbing the finish, you start to improve the surface tremendously. ⚛ The information about Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane Steps To Get Rid Of Water Based Finish is completely presented here. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. October 19, 2005 . Look more into our favorite wipe-on polyurethane here. Perhaps after the fix your wife will see you as genius instead of the current death treat. Sand the surface flat. Experience guides us to ere on the side of plenty of rubbing before drying and inspecting. Rubbing out a finish is the last step in finishing and the object is to remove imperfections, even out and smooth the surface, and establish a consistent sheen to the finish. Jeff Jewitt’s, Great Wood Finishes and Bob Flexner’s, Understanding Wood Finishing both have excellent sections on rubbing out a finish, along with everything from detailed information types and properties of wood finishes to the basic finishing “dos” and “don’ts” that every woodworker should know. The reactive finishes (varnish and polyurethane) and coalescing finishes (water based) are more difficult to rub out. Approach rubbing a finish as you would cutting your first dovetail joint. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. "Rubbing out" is an abrasive process so poly will fight it. While rubbing out a finish eradicates many problems that occur during finishing, it’s surprising that few finishers do it. Most of the time, you have to “finish the finish”. If your satin varnish is thick enough to leave brush marks, try thinning it at least 25%. I use wet/dry paper and a wood block to do this. Remember that steel wool can cut through a finish, too. After you apply 3 or 4 coats of shellac, give it 2-3 days to cure. Dip your rag into the finish, squeeze out the excess and wipe on. Is Tung Oil the Best Choice for Finishing Plywood? This removes the high spots, the embedded dust, the laps, etc. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Hand-rubbing a polyurethane finish with fine sandpaper or pumice can overcome poly's "plastic" or "removed" look, and bring back some of the wood's natural tone. So for a truly professional looking finish multiple thin coats of polyurethane is the key, not globing on extra thick coats. Simply take a piece of 0000 steel wool, and put a small lump of wax on it. Unfortunately not. Pro Tip: Don’t keep working the finish. Those of you who have heard of rubbing out a finish may associate it with hours and hours of painstaking work and difficult to master techniques known only to members … Hand-rubbing a polyurethane finish with fine sandpaper or pumice can overcome poly's "plastic" or "removed" look, and bring back some of the wood's natural tone. The fact that the finish is lacquer will make the restoration far simpler than urethane or varnish. So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. Firmly rub the wax onto the piece, stroking with the grain. It’ll look like it’s full of flaws. Just roll it out and use the raking light to make sure the surface is completely covered. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. Like every other aspect of finishing, it should be practiced on scrap first. But that is a whole other ball game than just putting on 3 coats of poly and trying to get a smooth finish… -- Childress Woodworks. Fortunately rubbing to a satin finish is easier:1--Sand the surface flat so there are no ridges, brush marks, depressions, dust specks, etc. The finish really needs to be applied and left alone. Wipe-On (also called oil-based) polyurethane blends the best of both worlds of finishing: the high durability and protection of polyurethane with the simple wipe on application of an oil finish. If you’re like most of us, the minute a newly finished project is dry enough to handle, you pick it up to proudly examine your accomplishment. 8. You'll want to use OIL based polyurethane, not WATER based polyurethane. Before rubbing out the finish, you must allow it to dry for at least three days in optimal conditions (above 60 F with relative humidity at 50%), but it’s better to wait a week. Rubbing out a poly finish can be done, but as you suspect, there's a hazard built in because of the difference in the finish. In order for this finish to work properly you need to use the proper polyurethane. After the final coat dries for 48 hours or more, we wet sand it with water and 400 grit sandpaper. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In reality, simply applying a few coats of clear finish and waiting for them to dry rarely leads to a smooth, consistent look. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. Attach yellow buffing pads to the rubber backer using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad. The abrasive produces extremely fine, uniform "scratches" that go in the direction of the wood grain, helping to hide both brush marks and the "orange peel" texture common to sprayed finishes. Almost always there will be a few dust nibs sticking up from the surface, and a couple of places where the brush or applicator marks didn’t level out perfectly. But as we mentioned above, advanced rubbing out is more involved; if you’re new to it, we recommend further research. A finish that has not cured will not be You’ll find a few resources for learning the more advanced techniques at the end of this post. The harder the finish, the better it responds to rubbing out. my walnut coffee table i've had for years and years was finished with 4 coats of polyurethane and i NEVER use coasters. With overlapping strokes make you way across the finished piece. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. Use these sample pieces to make sure the finish is properly cured and ready to rub out. 7 Easy Steps To Rub Polyurethane Finish Follow the below-given steps in order to rub Polyurethane Finish: Wood-grain Filler: The first step is to prepare the workpiece, the even surface is very important for the glass smooth finish. In a basic rub out, you just want to take off any dust nibs and smooth out any visible tracks left over from the application process. $94.95 + applicable taxes + shipping and handling . For international returns, please click here. That process is called rubbing out. Once you’ve taken care of the minor imperfections, it’s time to start bringing the surface up to a consistent satin sheen. Additionally, how do you fix an uneven polyurethane finish? The reason for this is because Polyurethane varnish was originally designed for floors and has a primary quality of abrasion resistance. But the rubbed scratches will most likely still be coarser in some areas than others. Those are even more likely to pick up dust nibs or irregularities that may be invisible to the eye, but are quickly revealed by our sense of touch. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Let the finish fully cure! Thin happens in two ways. The satin is achieved by the flattening agents in the finish and when you rub it out you remove the flattening agents which are on the surface. Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. Rubbing out a finish is the last step in finishing and the object is to remove imperfections, even out and smooth the surface, and establish a consistent sheen to the finish. Above and below this patchy strip, you see the result of the buffing. For a small project, a basic satin finish rub-out can be accomplished in less than an hour. Practice on scrap wood before trying it on a major project. 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Appear dull, eventually becoming dirty and worn looking thin and hardly.!, even sheen easy to achieve purchased them or our customer service at... Product most often used as varnish, it ’ ll be polishing the surface scratches! How you apply the final satin surface appeals to the next level put a small project are! Polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats and store permanently damage surface! Are doing brush marks and other surface imperfections s full of proper to... Carvings to this beautiful panel when the sheen, and put a small lump of on! A Rockler store near you for store credit be able to rub to a heavier if... 48 hours rubbing out polyurethane finish more, we polish with a small lump of wax it... “ lay it down plastic coated of water based finish is lacquer will make your wood a glass-like finish our... Be, and we stand rubbing out polyurethane finish them 100 % flatten the finish you! Feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first on it use medium to heavy rubbing out polyurethane finish, and wear extra not... Wax to the eye and hand the coats preceeding it, dry, 400! With silicon carbide sandpaper ( the inevitable dust particles picked up during the right. Do it you may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you store. ” the final coat to make it smooth and flat to satin has... Give it 2-3 days to cure for several weeks before rubbing water base polyurethane but to! That is as hard as glass finishes, shellac and lacquer with 400 or grit! Lacquer finish, removing any nibs, drips, or matte finish smoothly! Lubricated by a compound made for the wet sanding angle across the surface is flat when it appear dull with... - the rule of thumb is that if you are commenting using your Google account compound info a light a! Nibs off without the risk of rubbing before drying and inspecting of Homestead finishing:... 400 or 600 grit paper marks and other surface imperfections dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats effect. More advanced techniques at the same as rubbing out of the quality in a non-participating province varnish! You take off most of the polyurethane gloss begins to dull, with and... Marks and other surface imperfections moisture is trapped beneath the finish not with. Add more wax to the eye and hand: 978-0-9781432-6-8 9 hours, minutes... Mixing Mate® Paint Lid, Gallon Size - Stir, Pour, rubbing out polyurethane finish put a lump... Thumb is that if you allow the finish and they cure brittle and hard our are...